The Moon is 384,400 km from Earth and is its only natural satellite. It is the fifth largest natural satellite in the Solar System.
The Moon is the second brightest object visible in the Earth’s sky after the Sun.
The Moon orbits the Earth once every month and the change in the angle between the Earth, the Moon and the Sun is known as the cycle of the Moon’s phases. The Moon completely orbits the Earth every 27.3 days and lunar phases repeat every 29.5 days.
Since ancient times the Moon been worshiped as a powerful force linked with the cyclic rhythms of life.
The Moon is linked strongly with femininity and its’ phases have connections with the cycles of nature, crops, seasons and female fertility.
Many cultures still view the moon calendar as important and hold festivals and celebrations around the lunar phases.
The Full Moon
The Moon is full when it’s on the opposite side of the Earth from the Sun, and when the three are aligned in almost a straight line. When we look at the full moon, the sun is behind us, fully illuminating the hemisphere of the Moon facing the Earth (the near side).
If the earth moon and sun are exactly in line, then the moon will sit in the earth’s shadow and we get what is called a lunar eclipse.A solar eclipse happens when the moon sits in a straight line between the Earth and the Sun. although the sun is many times larger than the moon, the moon is much closer to us and so the moon hides the sun from view. This is a rare but spectacular sight.